A common form of food poisoning that sometimes is fatal comes from meat or vegetables contaminated by a bacterial genus, Salmonella, of which there are many species. The infection, known as salmonellosis, is characterized by nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pains and is caused by infected and insufficiently cooked beef, pork, or poultry, or by SALMONELLA, food, drink, or equipment contaminated by the excreta of infected animals. Many recent outbreaks of Salmonella poisoning resulted from frozen poultry that was not properly defrosted before cooking. A veterinary surgeon, Dr. Daniel Elmer Salmon (1850-1914), identified the Salmonella genus and gave his name to it. Animals are subject to this infection, too. Dr. Salmon was at one time an investigator for the U.S. Department of Agriculture and became the chief of the Bureau of Animal Industry.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • salmonellosis — ☆ salmonellosis [sal΄mənel ō′sis ] n. [< SALMONELLA + OSIS] a disease caused by various strains of salmonella and characterized by fever and intestinal disorders …   English World dictionary

  • Salmonellosis — DiseaseDisorder infobox Name = Salmonellosis ICD10 = ICD10|A|02|0|a|00 ICD9 = ICD9|003.0 Salmonellosis is an infection with Salmonella bacteria. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, vomiting, and abdominal cramps 12 to… …   Wikipedia

  • salmonellosis — /sal meuh nl oh sis/, n. Pathol. food poisoning caused by consumption of food contaminated with bacteria of the genus Salmonella, characterized by the sudden onset of abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. [1910 15; SALMONELL(A) + OSIS] * …   Universalium

  • salmonellosis — salmonella ► NOUN (pl. salmonellae) 1) a bacterium that occurs mainly in the gut and can cause food poisoning. 2) food poisoning caused by this. DERIVATIVES salmonellosis noun. ORIGIN named after the American veterinary surgeon Daniel E. Salmon… …   English terms dictionary

  • salmonellosis — noun (plural salmonelloses) Etymology: New Latin Date: circa 1913 infection with or disease caused by salmonellae …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • salmonellosis — infection with Salmonella …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • salmonellosis — (sal mo nel o sis) An infection with certain species of the genus Salmonella, usually caused by ingestion of food containing salmonellae or their products. Also known as Salmonella gastroenteritis or Salmonella food poisoning …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • salmonellosis — noun Any of several diseases caused by infection with Salmonella bacteria See Also: enteric fever, enteritis, typhoid fever …   Wiktionary

  • salmonellosis — Infection with bacteria of the genus Salmonella. Patients with sickle cell anemia and compromised immune systems are particularly susceptible. [Salmonella + G. osis, condition] * * * sal·mo·nel·lo·sis .sal mə .ne lō səs n …   Medical dictionary

  • salmonellosis — n. (Medicine) food poisoning caused by ingestion of the salmonella bacteria (characterized by fever, severe diarrhea, vomiting, and stomach pain) …   English contemporary dictionary