Salk Vaccine


Salk Vaccine
   For many years the scourge of human existence was a disease called poliomyelitis, or polio. It is caused by a virus that destroys the nervous tissue in the spinal cord, resulting in paralysis. Quite often children seemed to develop this virus after swimming in lakes or pools. Some parents sent their children to a remote mountain area for protection, but not always with favorable results. Children contracted this vicious malady no matter where they were. It seemed that no one could hide from it.
   And that's why Dr. Jonas Edward Salk — scientist, a bacteriologist, who eventually found a vaccine for this dread disease — became a national hero. Salk was born in 1914 in New York City and received an M.D. from New York University Medical School in 1939. In 1947, after several years teaching at the University of Michigan, Salk became head of the University of Pittsburgh's Virus Research Laboratory, where he began his work on the vaccine for polio. He first tested the vaccine on a member of his own family, and it proved effective against the disease.
   His vaccine was used throughout the world until 1960, when it was largely supplanted by Albert Sabin's live-virus vaccine. In 1963 he became director of the Salk Institute for Biological Studies at the University of California, San Diego, and served until 1975. His later efforts concentrated on the search for a vaccine to prevent the nearly always terminal illness resulting from immune deficiency that can lead to AIDS.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Salk vaccine — Vaccine against poliomyelitis named for Dr. Jonas Salk who developed and introduced it in 1955. It was the first type of polio vaccine to become available. It was made by cultivating three strains of the virus separately in monkey tissue. The… …   Medical dictionary

  • Salk vaccine — Salk′ vaccine n. imu a vaccine that contains three types of inactivated poliomyelitis viruses and induces immunity against the disease • Etymology: 1950–55; after J. E. Salk who developed it …   From formal English to slang

  • Salk vaccine — vaccine against the viruses which cause Polio …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Salk vaccine — noun Etymology: Jonas Salk Date: 1954 a vaccine consisting of poliomyelitis virus inactivated with formaldehyde …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Salk vaccine — a vaccine that contains three types of inactivated poliomyelitis viruses and induces immunity against the disease. [1950 55; named after J. E. SALK] * * * …   Universalium

  • Salk vaccine — a vaccine against poliomyelitis, formed by treating the virus with formalin, which prevents it from causing disease but does not impair its ability to stimulate antibody production. It is administered by injection. [E. Salk (1914–95), US… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Salk vaccine — n. a vaccine developed against polio. Etymology: J. E. Salk, Amer. scientist b. 1914 …   Useful english dictionary

  • (the) Salk vaccine — the Salk vaccine [the Salk vaccine] noun [sing] a medicine used to prevent ↑polio (= a serious disease affecting the nervous system), developed in 1954 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Вакцина Солка (Salk Vaccine) — вакцина против полиомиелита, получаемая в результате обработки вируса раствором формалина; такая обработка ослабляет вирус, предотвращая развитие у человека заболевания, однако при этом сохраняется способность вируса стимулировать образование… …   Медицинские термины

  • SALK, JONAS — (1914–1995), U.S. virologist. Salk was born in New York City, graduating in medicine from New York University Medical School (1939). Pursuing his commitment as a student to killed antiviral vaccination, he worked on influenza virus vaccines at… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism