Pulitzer Prize


Pulitzer Prize
   Joseph Pulitzer (1847-1911) was born in Hungary and immigrated to the United States in 1864 to serve in the Union Army. After his discharge, he settled in St. Louis, where he became a reporter for the Westliche Post, a. German-language daily for which he did such an outstanding job that his popularity enabled him to be elected to the Missouri legislature. His next important move was to purchase the St. Louis Dispatch, which was in dire financial condition, and to merge it with the Posf, giving it the combined name of St. Louis Post-Dispatch. The paper became a first-rank regional paper.
   Pulitzer then changed location and papers. After moving to New York, he purchased the New York World, in which he introduced banner headlines and the sensational treatment of crime. The paper's style of presentation was considered intemperate, and the vulgarity of his special features intensified as he went into a circulation war with William Hearst's Journal. Although guilty of "yellow journalism" to involve this country in what turned out to be the Spanish-American War, the paper made a remarkable about-face and pursued such a strong anti-imperialist policy that Teddy Roosevelt became irate, and the government sued Pulitzer for libel.
   Pulitzer's will provided for some notable distributions, including the establishment of the Columbia University School of Journalism, which confers the Pulitzer Prizes.
   The prizes, as prescribed by Pulitzer, covered many categories. A prize was to be awarded for new writing, drama, fiction, history; for local, national, and international reporting, editorial writing, news photography, cartooning, and meritorious public service performed by an individual newspaper. Additional prizes were for biography, poetry, and music. The prizes were awarded for the first time in 1917.
   Originally the prizes were for $1,000, but they are now $3,000, except for public service in journalism, which is rewarded with a gold medal. The Pulitzer, as it is most often called, is widely regarded as the most prestigious award in its field.

Dictionary of eponyms. . 2013.

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  • Pulitzer Prize — ☆ Pulitzer Prize n. any of a number of yearly prizes established by Joseph Pulitzer, given for outstanding work in journalism, literature, and music …   English World dictionary

  • Pulitzer Prize — Infobox award name = Pulitzer Prize imagesize = 200px caption = description = Excellence in newspaper journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition presenter = Columbia University country = United States year = 1917 website =… …   Wikipedia

  • Pulitzer Prize — Joseph Pulitzer Der Pulitzer Preis wurde von dem aus Ungarn stammenden Journalisten und Zeitungsverleger Joseph Pulitzer gestiftet und wird seit 1917 für hervorragende journalistische Leistungen in den USA verliehen. Jährlich gibt die Pulitzer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pulitzer Prize — one of a group of annual prizes in journalism, literature, music, etc., established by Joseph Pulitzer: administered by Columbia University; first awarded 1917. * * * Any of a series of annual prizes awarded by Columbia University for outstanding …   Universalium

  • Pulitzer Prize — UK [ˈpʊlɪtsə(r) ˌpraɪz] / US [ˈpʊlɪtsər ˌpraɪz] noun [countable] Word forms Pulitzer Prize : singular Pulitzer Prize plural Pulitzer Prizes a prize in the US given every year to reward people s achievements in literature, journalism, or music …   English dictionary

  • Pulitzer Prize — Pul|it|zer Prize n one of the eight prizes given every year in the US to people who have produced especially good work in ↑journalism (=writing for newspapers) , literature, or music. The prizes were started by the US newspaper owner Joseph… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Pulitzer Prize — noun /ˈpʊlɪtsər ˈpraɪz/ an annual American award given for journalism, literature, and music , She won a Pulitzer Prize for her reporting on the health care. See Also: Pulitzer …   Wiktionary

  • Pulitzer Prize — noun Pulitzer Prize is used before these nouns: ↑winner …   Collocations dictionary

  • Pulitzer Prize — Prix Pulitzer Le prix Pulitzer, créé en 1904, est un prix américain remis dans différents domaines, allant du journalisme à la musique. En journalisme, il est considéré parmi les plus prestigieux. Joseph Pulitzer, éditeur du journal World, crée… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pulitzer Prize — Pu′litzer Prize′ n. lit.+jou any of the annual prizes, as in journalism, literature, or music, established by Joseph Pulitzer …   From formal English to slang